Samber Deer – Hlawga National Park

Samber Deer

Length 5 – 9 feet
Weight 400 – 600 lb
Sexual Maturity 1 ½ -2 years
Gestation Period 8 months
Birth Rate One cub
Life Span 20 years
Samber Deer (Rusa unicolor)

Characteristics -  The large, rugged antlers are typically ursine, the brow tines being simple and the beams forked at the tip, so that they have only three times. As with most deer, only the males have antlers. The hairs are coarse and old stages develop mane. Reddish brown in general coloration, changing to dark brown and blackish brown with age.

Range - The sambar inhabits much of Southeast Asia (Burma, Thailand, Indochina, and the Malay Peninsula), Southern China, Taiwan, and the Islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

Habit-  Sambar is found in habitats from tropical seasonal forests, seasonal moist evergreen forests, subtropical mixed forests (conifers, broadleaf deciduous, and broadleaf evergreen tree species) to tropical rainforests. Sambars are nocturnal or crepuscular. The males live alone for much of the year, and the females live in small herds of up to sixteen individuals. They are seldom found far from water.

Diet -   fruit, and water plants, depending on the local habitat. They also consume a great variety of shrubs and grass.

Remark - The sambars are hunted for sport, food, medicinal products and other purposes. Therefore, the number of populations becomes less and classified as vulnerable species.

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